In recent years, beef consumption has grown considerably, mainly because cattle are part of the small group of domesticated animals that are naturally fed. And the feeding process of cattle has a major impact on the quality of the meat we all end up eating.
Large businesses or small farms in rural areas raise cattle for sale, knowing that these animals are especially appreciated and bought for beef. There are some popular beef-producing breeds that are raised in great numbers, breeds that are so well-known that you have most certainly heard about them before, even without having a special interest in cow’s meat. But these aren’t the only ones worth talking about. Out of all the 1000 existing cattle breeds in the world, there are some that are absolutely excellent for beef, while remaining relatively low-key. As such, bear in mind that the most promoted breeds aren’t always the best-tasting ones, since there is a strong marketing strategy in place for promoting certain breeds.
One question that might come up is: does the breed make any difference when it comes to meat quality or taste? The simplified answer is yes. So, let’s take a look at some of the cattle breeds raised for their excellent meat.
Top 3 best beef-producing cattle breeds in the world
Although cattle livestock are raised for both milk and meat, there are some larger breeds that are prevalently beef-producing when compared to others.
Their ability to gain healthy body weight through the grazing process, along with the non-problematic process of giving birth, makes the Angus breed a real “money-maker” for farmers.
Originally from Scotland’s Highlands, the Aberdeen Angus (known internationally as Black Angus) is a solid, healthy and sinewy breed that provides outstanding quality beef.
The easiest way to recognise Angus cattle is the complete absence of horns. Although they are considered small to medium size cows (the female’s height ranges between 1.10 and 1.25 meters, while male’s height reaches up to 1.35 meters), they compensate through highly developed muscles, visible on both chest and limbs. Otherwise, their weight ranges between 550 kilos for females and 850 kilog for males.
The Simmental cattle are known as a cross-breed between a large German cattle breed and a smaller sized cattle breed, indigenous to Switzerland. The name of the breed comes from the Simme Valley in Switzerland, the area where these cattle were raised for the first time.
The Simmental, recognised by its red colour and its heavy dewlap, is considered as the best breed in the world. Why is that so? Because from all of the cattle livestock around the world, this one is the easiest to handle (due to its calm and gentle temper). Plus, it has a heavy body mass, despite the medium size body while also being a rather prolific breed of cows. One of the main economic assets of this breed is the fact that these cows can become pregnant at the age of 2, giving birth to up to 13 calves throughout their life. And when it comes to weight, they also provide a good weight to meat ratio, making them ideal for farmers all around the world.
3. Blue Belgium
Originally from Belgium, the Belgium Blue breed is an extremely developed breed, with a very solid construction. The cow colour may vary from white, black or blue or a combination of these.
Being such a large animal with prominent muscles, there’s no wonder that it can provide a large quantity of great quality meat. The parts of the body that are heavily muscled are the shoulder, the back, the loin and the rump, with their appearance being known as “double-muscling” ( https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4494293/).
Because of this particular characteristic, the cattle have an extraordinary ability to convert their feeding material into lean muscle, which leads to a low-fat meat. No wonder that in this case, the beef prices are slightly higher.
Each of these breeds has its own specificities which, in the end, make a difference in terms of meat taste. Of course that marketing will always play a role in promoting some breeds to the detriment of others, but that’s why it is so important to pay close attention to the provenance of the meat we consume.
Seradria – the largest livestock exporting company in Romania
With more than 23 years of experience in this field, Seradria is best known in Romania as the largest business who fattens and exports livestock – sheep and cattle, throughout the world.
With a great number of amazing breeds throughout its 10 ha farm, Seradria maintains a good exporting relation to EU countries, but also with countries in the Middle East, having included Iran among its main meat importing countries in the area in 2019.
The company is authorized by the National Sanitary Veterinary Authority for Food Safety and for each export is accompanied by all the required documents.