Many retirees believe that because they no longer get a paycheck, they cannot obtain a loan for a car, a home, or an emergency. While it may be more difficult to qualify for a loan in retirement, it is far from impossible. Borrowing from retirement plans, such as 401(k)s, individual retirement accounts (IRAs), or pensions, is typically discouraged by most experts, as it can harm both your savings and the income you expect in retirement.
Here are ten borrowing choices for retirees, together with their benefits and drawbacks, that they might utilize instead of withdrawing assets from their nest egg.
1. Mortgage Lending
A mortgage loan is the most prevalent sort of secured loan, and it uses the home you’re buying as security. The main concern with a home loan for retirees is income, especially if it is primarily derived from investments or savings.
2. Home Equity Loan or HELOCs
Home equity loans, also known as HELOCs, are a type of loan that allows you to borrow. A home equity loan is a loan that provides the borrower with an upfront lump sum that is repaid over a specified period with a fixed interest rate and monthly amount. A HELOC, on the other hand, is a credit line that can be drawn on whenever it is needed. HELOCs typically have fluctuating interest rates and non-fixed payments.
3. Refinance Loan with Cash Out
This alternative to a home equity loan is refinancing an existing home for more than the borrower owes but less than the home’s value; the excess amount is referred to as a secured cash loan.
Unless the borrower refinances for a shorter-term—say, 15 years—the time it takes to pay off the mortgage will be extended. Consider the interest rates on the existing and new loans, as well as the closing costs, when deciding between refinancing and a home equity loan.
4. Loan for Reverse Mortgage
A reverse mortgage loan (also known as a HECM—home equity conversion mortgage) pays out monthly payments or a lump amount based on the valuation of a home. Unlike a home equity loan or refinancing, the loan is not repaid until the homeowner dies or moves out.
At that time, the homeowner or heirs can either sell the home to pay off the loan, refinance the loan to keep the home, or the lender may be authorized to sell the home to repay the loan sum.
5. Auto Loan
An auto loan has attractive interest rates and is easy to obtain because it is secured by the vehicle you are purchasing. Paying with cash may save you interest, but only if it does not drain your savings. However, if an emergency arises, you can sell the car to recover the monies.
6. Loan for Debt Consolidation
A debt consolidation loan is intended to consolidate debt. This form of unsecured loan allows you to refinance your existing debt. In general, this may imply that you will be paying off the debt for a longer period, especially if your payments are lower. Furthermore, the interest rate may or may not be lower than the interest rate on your current debt.
7. Modification or Consolidation of Student Loans
Many senior borrowers with school loans are unaware that failure to pay this debt might result in a portion of their Social Security income being withheld. Student debt consolidation options, fortunately, can simplify or cut payments through deferment or even forbearance.
8. Payday Loan
A secured or unsecured short-term loan is available to almost anyone, including retirees. The most common source of income for retirees is a monthly Social Security check, which is used to secure loans. These loans have extremely high-interest rates and costs and might be considered predatory.
You should only consider payday loans in an emergency and when you are certain you will have enough money to pay it back on time.